Periodonatal Disease in Dogs and Cats
Periodontal disease is the most common infectious disease affecting dogs and cats. It is caused by plaque and is preventable with effective homecare.
In its early stages periodontal disease is reversible and healthy, clinically normal gingiva is achievable, often with a combination of homecare, medical treatment and professional teeth cleaning. However if periodontal disease causes loss of attachment of the periodontal tissues such as the gingiva, alveolar bone and periodontal ligament producing periodontal pocketing or gingival recession treatment is more difficult. This condition is called periodontitis.
If left untreated periodontitis may cause pain, inappetance, dysphagia, tooth loss and contribute to various systemic diseases. However more specialised forms of treatment can preserve affected teeth in many cases. This would include:
• Sub-gingival curettage
• Root planning
• Periodontal surgery
• Guided tissue regeneration
• Bone grafting
• Teeth splinting
Fig 1: Localised periodontal defect caused by a foreign body affecting upper left canine in 1yr old Weimeraner
Fig 2: Healed defect following open root planing, placement of osteo-conductive bone substitute and closure of defect using a full thickness mucosal advancement flap.