Treatment of oral neoplasia is challenging in cats and dogs. The anatomy of the oral and maxillofacial region is complex making large resections difficult. The commonly occurring tumours such as melanomas, fibrosarcomas and squamous cell carcinomas in dogs and squamous cell carcinomas in cats are often locally invasive and some, particularly melanomas in dogs, have a high metastatic potential.
Gingival fibrosarcoma in a dog
Examination of sentinel lymph nodes and accurate diagnostic imaging are both important in planning treatment and assessing surgical options. A thorough knowledge of oral surgical techniques and principles is important in maximising the success of major surgery in this region.
Radiograph showing large lucent area at the apex of the right upper canine – a biopsy showed that this was a very unusual mixed tumour with elements of both an ameloblastoma and a spindle celled sarcoma.
Three month post operative picture following rostral/mid maxillectomy