Eastcott Veterinary Referrals
Urgent Vets Referrals01793 528 341

Maxillo-facial and Mandibular Trauma in Small Animals

2015
08
OCT

Maxillo-facial and Mandibular Trauma

Andrew Perrywith Andrew Perry BVSc MRCVS

 

Maxillo-mandibular and temporomandibular trauma are common consequences of head injuries in cats and dogs. The most commonly reported causes being road traffic accidents and dog fights. They can present significant challenges in diagnosis and management.

Trauma of the head presents a range of unique challenges due to the concentration of specialised tissues present. Repair of the mandible or maxilla is significantly complicated by the local anatomy especially the presence of tooth roots and neurovascular structures. Additionally, the oral soft tissues do not handle surgically like other epithelial tissues. Many patients have traumatic brain, ocular and dento-alveolar injuries further complicating management.

We believe that Eastcott Referrals is uniquely placed to manage these cases with access to advanced imaging, medicine, dental and soft tissue specialists and advanced practitioners of orthopaedics and ophthalmology. Last year both Peter and Andrew attended an advanced A.O. mandibular and maxillofacial reconstruction symposium in Davos, Switzerland. The cutting edge skills learnt here has resulted in new options for management of these most challenging trauma patients.

Molly is an 8 year old female Bichon Frise who presented as an urgent referral following a fight with her Akita house mate. Molly had mandibular drift to the right side, ptyalism and discomfort on conscious oral examination. The presumptive diagnosis of right sided mandibular body fracture was made and subsequently confirmed by C.T. imaging.

Molly underwent a two stage procedure, initial diagnosis and closure of oral soft tissues followed by definitive repair, internal fixation, using locking titanium mini-plates. Recovery from surgery was excellent and Molly was discharged after 2 days and managed as an out patient,

The use of mini-plates for reconstruction of maxillofacial and mandibular trauma has revolutionised management of these injuries in man. Although it will never replace more conventional methods of management, such as intra-oral acrylic and wire splints or inter fragmentary wiring techniques, it is an incredibly useful modality for more extreme fractures and promoted rapid return to function.

 

Maxillo facial fracture CT before sugery

CT Before Surgery

Maxillo facial fracture CTafter sugery

CT After Surgery

 

Both Peter Southerden and Andrew Perry are happy to discuss or give advice on all matters relating to small animal veterinary dentistry or oral surgery. Please phone 01793 528341 or email Eastcott Referrals

Examples of dental and oral surgery cases seen

Eastcott Veterinary Referrals Dental CPD Courses 

How to Refer a Case to Eastcott Veterinary Referrals

 

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Eastcott Veterinary Clinic & Hospital
Edison Business Park
Hindle Way, Off Dorcan Way
Swindon
Wiltshire
SN3 3FR

Telephone: 01793 528341
e: referrals@eastcottvets.co.uk